One of the traditional advantages of exchange trading like the orders that are executed on the New York Stock Exchange has been the ease of keeping track of information about securities. Keeping track of the price of a security traded over-the-counter by dealers across the country is a much more formidable task.
Two factors to consider when investing in a company is its industry category and life cycle. Industry categories fall into three broad groups: non-cyclical, cyclical and growth. Industry life cycles also fall into three broad groups: pioneering, growth and maturity. Below is a brief definition of industry categories and life cycles.
Bonds sold in one country but denominated in the currency of another country are called “Eurobonds.” This designation is not restricted to bonds issued by European countries; rather it reflects that fact that these bonds first appeared in Europe, and they are still more common there than elsewhere.
After Grant left Washington the gold ring began amassing contracts for gold. The Tenth National Bank, which was controlled by New York City’s William Marcy “Boss” Tweed, placed its assets at Gould’s disposal, issuing him certified checks in virtually unlimited amounts against purchases of gold which were used as collateral.
In its early years, the stock market was dominated by brokers who abided by an informal code of gentlemanly conduct. By the Civil War, however, market dominance had passed into the hands of a small group of free-wheeling speculators — Jay Gould, “Commodore” Cornelius Vanderbilt, Daniel Drew, James Fisk, Jr. and others.